Volume 31, Issue 2 (2024)                   EIJH 2024, 31(2): 71-90 | Back to browse issues page

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Khorashadi S, Enteshari Najafabadi A. Phoenicia in the Achaemenid period, Part 1: Persian influence on Phoenician architecture based on archaeological findings and literary sources. EIJH 2024; 31 (2) :71-90
URL: http://eijh.modares.ac.ir/article-27-73688-en.html
1- Assistant Professor, Department of Archaeology, Faculty of Humanities, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran. , s.khorashadi@modares.ac.ir
2- Department of Archaeology, Faculty of Humanities, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (102 Views)
The presence of the Achaemenid Persians and the archaeological materials that they left in their territories have always been regarded as important topics. Phoenicia was one of their prized dominions. Considering the historical importance of the pioneering universal empire of the Achaemenids as well as the significance of the Phoenician civilization, the study of their interactions would be invaluable. After a historicalgeographical introduction and an overview of the role and status of Phoenicia in the history of the Achaemenid Empire, the present research has focused on Phoenician architecture. The questions addressed in this study are: To what extent can Persian influence be observed in the architectural findings recovered from Achaemenid Phoenicia? To what extent did each Phoenician city-state adopt Achaemenid architectural elements? The study of available sources and reports indicated that the Persian influence on Phoenician architecture, despite its insignificance, demonstrates the presence and dominance of the Achaemenid style. Furthermore, the extent of Persian influence on different city-states was not equal, and did not depend on the prominence of a city-state. It even seems that there was no special requirement for the application of Achaemenid elements. It should be noted that architectural findings only constitute a part of the available material. Obviously, in order to achieve a more comprehensive result regarding the research topic, other data from Achaemenid Phoenicia should also be considered. 
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Historical Archaeology
Received: 2023/09/4 | Accepted: 2024/04/16 | Published: 2024/05/30

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