Volume 28, Issue 1 (2021)                   IQBQ 2021, 28(1): 25-36 | Back to browse issues page

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saeedimehr M. The Compensation Theodicy: A Brief Examination of the Shiite Approach to the Problem of Suffering. IQBQ. 2021; 28 (1) :25-36
URL: http://eijh.modares.ac.ir/article-27-43461-en.html
Professor of Philosophy, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran , saeedi@modares.ac.ir
Abstract:   (98 Views)
Throughout the history of philosophy and theology, diverse versions of the problem of evil have raised different solutions in the form of different theodicies. In this paper, I first offer an exposition of one of these solutions developed by Shiite theologians. Since the core notion of this solution is “God’s compensation for the sufferings” I call it the “compensation theodicy.” Based on some theological principles such as rational goodness and badness and the principle of lutf (God’s grace), and some preliminary remarks about pain and its classifications, the compensation theodicy shows that since God is totally wise and just, He compensates for all undeserved (both human’s and animal’s) sufferings He is responsible for. Thus, the presence of undeserved suffering is not at odds with Divine justice. After explaining the relevant issue of God’s litigation (intisaf) and discussing some main aspects of compensation, I then make a brief comparison between the compensation theodicy and the so-called afterlife theodicy. I finally argue that the compensation theodicy is cable of providing good response to the challenge of the lack of moral justification.
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Arts and Humanities (General)
Received: 2020/06/7 | Accepted: 2020/10/7 | Published: 2021/01/2

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