Volume 27, Issue 2 (2020)                   IQBQ 2020, 27(2): 70-89 | Back to browse issues page

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Mousavi Haji S R, Mousavi S M, Aryamanesh S. Reflection and Analysis of the Tree of Life and its Transformation into the Flower of Life in the Near East. IQBQ. 2020; 27 (2) :70-89
URL: http://eijh.modares.ac.ir/article-27-31828-en.html
1- Professor of Archaeology, Faculty of Art and Architecture, University of Mazandaran, Mazandaran, Iran.
2- Associate professor of Archaeology, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
3- PhD of Archaeology, Institute for Humanities and Cultural Studies, Tissaphernes Archaeological Research Group. Tehran. Iran , Sh.aryamanesh@ihcs.ac.ir.
Abstract:   (2302 Views)
For a long time, humans have used plant motifs on objects such as pottery, goblet, and others, which sometimes have a symbolic appearance and were very important in the relics of a particular period. One of the most important motifs, that has a Mesopotamian origin, is the tree of life. The tree of life is a plant that is found in many mythical traditions of the Near East such as Mesopotamia, Anatolia and Egypt. The flower of life or the motif of geometric rosette is another valuable motif with six petals. In this paper, the authors first discuss the symbols and symbolism and then investigate the background of the tree of life and then discuss the motif of geometric rostte or flower of life, and later focus on the Golden, Silver and Bronze findings at the sites of Marlik, Amarlu in Gilan and Kelardasht in Mazandaran related to iron age of Iran and investigate the impact of this symbolic motif on archaeological findings in the surrounding sites that have probably transformed the motif of the tree of life into the flower of life. This motif emerged among the communities of northern Iran during a period almost identical to the Assyrian era at the bottom of the Golden and Silver and Bronze goblets and is a kind of symbol of the tree of life that then the artists replaced the sacred tree with six petal rosette.
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Arts and Humanities (General)
Received: 2019/04/9 | Accepted: 2020/01/25 | Published: 2020/03/17

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