Volume 27, Issue 3 (2020)                   IQBQ 2020, 27(3): 86-99 | Back to browse issues page

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Khademzadeh V. A Study on Up-Down Orientational Metaphors ‎in Mullā Ṣadrā’s Philosophy. IQBQ. 2020; 27 (3) :86-99
URL: http://eijh.modares.ac.ir/article-27-28296-en.html
Assistant Professor, Department of philosophy, Faculty of Theology, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad , v.khademzadeh@um.ac.ir
Abstract:   (793 Views)
According to the cognitive theory of metaphor, conceptual metaphors are an integral part ‎of the human mind so that we can see these metaphors in all aspects of human thoughts and ‎actions. A part of these metaphors is shaped based on up/down spatial orientations. Based ‎on these metaphors, spatial orientations play a significant role in human understanding of ‎many abstract concepts. These orientational metaphors are visible in ordinary and natural ‎languages, as well as in specialized and scientific texts.  It is shown in this paper that a part ‎of these up-down orientational metaphors have also been used in Mullā Ṣadrā's philosophy: ‎the “Having Control or Force Is Up, Being Subject to Control or Force Is Down” metaphor ‎has been used to understand the causal relationship. The “Good Is Up and Bad Is Down” ‎metaphor makes understandable that the source of good attributes is in transcendent and ‎higher world and the source of bad attributes is in material and lowest world. The “More ‎Perfect Is Up and Less Perfect Is Down” metaphor has been used to understand the ‎gradational hierarchy of the beings.‎
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Article Type: Original Research | Subject: Arts and Humanities (General)
Received: 2018/12/17 | Published: 2020/06/21

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