Volume 20, Issue 4 (2013)                   IQBQ 2013, 20(4): 79-97 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

ahrami-Khorshid S, Golfam A G. Encoding the Agent in Persian Passive Construction: A Cognitive Approach. IQBQ. 20 (4) :79-97
URL: http://eijh.modares.ac.ir/article-27-2897-en.html
Abstract:   (4900 Views)
This paper is an attempt to explore the prepositions used to encode the agent in Persian passive constructions. According to Givón (1983) the main function of the passive constructions is to defocus the agent. As the general trend in Persian is to omit this defocused agent, we will stylistically divide the passive constructions into two main sub branches, namely unmarked and marked passives according to whether or not the agent is included. Having analyzed the prepositions using in the passive construction (e.g. t{v{ssot-e, be d{st-e, bA, {z suy-e, {z t{r{f-e, and be v{sile-y-e) a complete semantic characterization of the type of agent that normally occurs with these prepositions will be provided. The results indicate that, in contrast to some linguists who treated the prepositions in the passive construction as stylistic forms, they are not always interchangeable; in fact they are meaningful which have a prototype for the type of agent that co-occurs with them.
Full-Text [PDF 307 kb]   (2704 Downloads)    

Received: 2012/11/10 | Accepted: 2013/10/23 | Published: 2014/06/21

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.