Volume 23, Issue 1 (2016)                   IQBQ 2016, 23(1): 75-97 | Back to browse issues page


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1- Assistant Professor of Archeology, Department of Archeology, Lorestan University, Iran
2- Tarbiat Modarres University
3- Associate Professor, of Archeology Department of Archaeology, Faculty of Humanities, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
4- M. A. student in Archeology, Islamic Azad University. Iran
Abstract:   (3612 Views)
Alashtar is one of the prominent valley plains in central Zagros Mountain Range. The main focus of this study is based on the activities performed in this plain in 2006-2007 periods with the aim of identifying and studying the ancient relics as well as the studies conducted in 2010  to identify and analyze Parthian settlement patterns in this area. Archaeological survey in the area identified 72 historical sites and ancient monument. The current studies suggest that first settlements in this area date back to Copper and Stone Age and the most recent settled sites belong to the later centuries of the Islamic period. Among the historical relics found in Alashtar plain, 42 relics contained remnants of the Parthian.  The overall perception of the settlement pattern in this plain during Parthian period reflects variation in population or distribution of settlement patterns compared to the former and later periods. The distribution pattern of the identified historical sites suggests that the settlements were mainly in the form of rural units with no evidence of urban centers. Overall, the distribution pattern of Parthian settlements has been strongly influenced by climatic characteristics, environmental capabilities and the special geographical position of the region. This paper attempts to study the Parthian settlement pattern in this plain; moreover, it seeks to examine these historical sites and interpret the settlement patterns in the Parthian period.

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Received: 2013/11/10 | Accepted: 2014/05/29 | Published: 2017/06/17