Volume 25, Issue 1 (2018)                   IQBQ 2018, 25(1): 67-76 | Back to browse issues page

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Maftouni N. Comparing and Contrasting Fictional Treatises of Ibn Tufail and Suhrawardi. IQBQ. 2018; 25 (1) :67-76
URL: http://journals.modares.ac.ir/article-27-28085-en.html
Associate Professor, Department of Philosophy and Islamic Wisdom, Faculty of Theology and Islamic Studies, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran. , nadia.maftouni@ut.ac.ir
Abstract:   (417 Views)
The term ‘SciArt’ refers to bilateral relations between art and science, including artistically-inclined science, science-minded art, and intertwined SciArt activities. In this definition, different disciplines from metaphysics to physics are reckoned as science, as different types of art- from literature to music are counted as art. The SciArt approach, in the fields of philosophical inquiry, can be accounted for by Farabi’s works. As Farabi holds, rational well-being and rational truths just might be brought to mind of people via imagery and analogy. In Islamic philosophy, two representatives of the field are Ibn Tufail and Suhrawardi. I will compare and contrast the main characters of these two major figures in chronological order. Plus a few more philosophical and mystical issues Ibn Tufail developed in scientific matters like anatomy, autopsy, and vivisection in the non-allegorical style. Contrary to Ibn Tufail, Suhrawardi explains mystical vs. philosophical problems in his fictions, using the allegorical style. He represents the world of spheres and the sublunary realm by a variety of imageries like nine shells, eleven layers of a basin, and eleven mountains. Both Ibn Tufail and Suhrawardi use fictional manner to explain mystical as well as philosophical themes.
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Received: 2018/12/12 | Accepted: 2018/12/12 | Published: 2018/12/12

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